Early Aging


Skin needs love, care, nutrition, and protection, so a variety of treatments are needed to secure all these vulnerabilities. Here are the things you can do.

What is premature aging?
From a molecular standpoint, the human body is full of telomeres, or sections of DNA protein structures at the end of chromosomes. Telomeres help preserve the genetic information that keeps you looking young and spry. Some of the telomere is lost when each cell divides, although an enzyme called telomerase helps replenish this. Over time, the telomeres naturally shorten with age and expose your DNA to damage and eventually die off.
This process is known as intrinsic ageing (sometimes called chronological aging). It’s unique to each individual since it’s entirely tied to your genetics.
However, certain environmental and behavioural factors can speed up the telomere shortening process that makes your DNA more prone to damage. This is called extrinsic aging.
As a result, premature aging can set in long before it was expected. In other words, your biological clock is more advanced than your chronological clock. Controllable factors such as stress, smoking and sun exposure can all play a role in expediting extrinsic aging.
As you get older, your body’s internal processes — from skin cell turnover to workout recovery — slow down and take longer to complete or recharge. It leaves room for signs of aging, such as wrinkles and fatigue, to occur. Hormone changes, environmental factors, genetics, and your diet all play a role in how quickly this happens.
These changes may be surprising if they happen earlier than expected, hence the term “premature” aging. It’s impossible to avoid these changes completely, but there are ways to reduce the signs of aging in your body — especially if they’re happening before, you’re ready to embrace them. What happens to skin as we age?

What happens to skin as we age?
One of the most noticeable aspects of aging is the changes your skin undergoes. You may bruise easier, experience dry sky more often or notice wrinkles in places that were previously smooth. All these changes, which can be sped up by external factors, occur due to a variety of changes.
The skin has three important layers: the outer epidermis, the middle dermis, and the inner subcutaneous fat layer. The epidermis is a thin layer that contains the pigment that colours your skin. The thicker dermis layer contains hair follicles, oil glands and blood vessels. The inner, fatty layer serves as a protective barrier to your organs.
As you age, the epidermis gradually thins, and pigment levels decrease. This results in thinner, paler skin. You may also notice sunspots from UV exposure, known as lentigos.
The dermis contains connective tissue made up of collagen and elastin that provides strength and flexibility to your skin. The lack of elasticity as you age, known as elastosis, makes skin loose.
The dermis is also home to blood vessels, which become frail as you age. The weakened blood vessel walls are more prone to bruising and bleeding. Additionally, sweat glands in the dermis lose functionality and make it more difficult for the skin to produce sweat to cool you down.
The sebaceous glands, also called oil glands, are responsible for keeping the skin moist and hydrated. Over time, oil gland production decreases and makes you more prone to dry, itchy skin.
At the bottom layer, the thicker subcutaneous fat slowly thins out as you get older, resulting in less protection against temperature and trauma. This explains why many older adults are constantly cold and experience skin injuries.

What are the signs of premature aging?
The aging process looks different for everyone, but there are certain signs of aging that are considered “premature” if you notice them before you turn 35.

Sunspots, also called age spots and liver spots, are flat spots on your skin caused by years of sun exposure. These hyper-pigmented spots may develop on your face, the back of your hands, or your forearms. It tends to appear at or after age 40.

Inflammation or hyperpigmentation along chest
Many people develop patchy discoloration on their chest as they get older. Similar to sunspots, these areas of differing pigment can be caused by damage to your cells from sun exposure.
This kind of hyperpigmentation isn’t always connected to aging. It can be the result of eczema or other skin conditions that damage the melanin cells in your skin.
There isn’t an average age of when this skin condition typically appears.

Dry or itchy skin
Dry or itchy skin (xerosis cutis) may happen more frequently Trusted Source over time. That’s because thinning skin is more susceptible to dehydration. You may notice your skin becoming drier and more prone to flaking as you near your 40s.

Wrinkles or sagging
As you enter your 30s, your skin slows down its production of collagen, the protein that gives your skin its shape. Collagen is what helps your skin bounce back and stay plump.
With less collagen in the skin, it’s easier for visible wrinkles and sagging to occur. You might notice this happening more in areas around frequently used muscles, like the forehead, or where you’re more exposed to the sun.
The age when people first notice wrinkles varies, with little standard for when it’s “premature.”
And sometimes aging may not even be responsible. It could simply be dirt or dehydration.

Hormone changes, environmental factors, genetics, and your diet all play a role in how quickly this happens.

What causes premature aging?
Different factors that have a direct effect on how quickly these signs appear on your body.
Hormone changes, environmental factors, genetics, and your diet all play a role in how quickly this happens.

*Smoking: The toxins in cigarette smoke expose your skin to oxidative stress. This causes dryness, wrinkles, and other signs of premature aging.

*Sun exposure and tanning: Tanning beds and exposure to the sun penetrate your skin with UV rays. These rays damage the DNA in your skin cells, causing wrinkles.

*Genes: There are some very rare genetic conditions that can cause you to show signs of aging in childhood and early puberty. These conditions are called progeria. (Werner syndrome/Hutchinson-Gilford syndrome) Children with this syndrome don’t grow as quickly as others in their age group. They also experience thin limbs and baldness.

*Lifestyle Habits: Several lifestyle habits can contribute to how quickly your body shows signs of aging, even if they aren’t a primary cause.

*Sleep habits:
Sleep gives your body an opportunity to refresh and regenerate cells.
At least one small study Trusted Source has indicated that poor sleep quality is connected to increased signs of aging and a diminished skin barrier function.

*Diet: Some research Trusted Source suggests that eating a diet high in sugar and refined carbohydrates can damage your skin over time.

*Alcohol and caffeine intake:
Drinking alcohol excessively dehydrates your body. Over time, this dehydration can cause your skin to sag and lose its shape.
Caffeine may have a similar effect, although there’s conflicting research about if daily coffee consumption causes wrinkles.

*Environment: Pigment spots and wrinkles can be triggered or worsened by environmental pollutants. Since your skin comes into direct contact with the air around you, your skin barrier is being subjected to the toxins and pollutants in your daily environment.

*Stress: A stressful lifestyle can trigger an inflammatory response in your body, as well as hurt your sleep habits. Stress hormones and inflammation can age your body faster.

What you can do?
Once you notice the signs of aging, you can take steps to address the way your body is changing or allow nature to take its course. Whatever you choose to do with your body is entirely up to you.

*Sunspots: If you notice sunspots, start by seeing a dermatologist to rule out other skin conditions.
Once you know for sure what you’re dealing with, consider what lifestyle changes you can make. Wear sunscreen with at least 30 SPF daily to protect yourself from UV rays and reduce direct exposure to the sun whenever possible. Covering up when you go outside can help prevent further spots from appearing.
You may also try treating the sunspots topically to see if they fade. Aloe vera, vitamin C, and products containing alpha hydroxy acid may help treat sunspots. If those aren’t effective, clinical treatment for sunspots includes intense pulsed light therapy, cryotherapy, and chemical peels.

*Inflammation or hyperpigmentation:
If you have discoloration on your chest, start protecting that area of your body from the sun whenever possible. Use sunscreen with at least 30 SPF each day and pay careful attention to covering the parts of your skin that have been damaged. Moisturize the area frequently.

*Dry or itchy skin: If your skin is flaky, dry, and itchy, you may want to speak with a dermatologist and rule out any other health conditions. Once you know that your dry skin is a sign of aging and not a symptom of something else, start focusing on lifestyle factors.

*Drink more water: To maintain hydration throughout your body and your skin. Take shorter showers using lukewarm water.
Determine if the dryness is a result of your skin type or if it’s dehydrated, as the treatments for both differ.
Then find a moisturizer that works for you and apply it daily.
Find a moisturizer that has stronger ingredients for protecting your skin.

*Wrinkles or sagging skin: If your skin is sagging or you notice wrinkles, start by protecting your skin every day with a sunscreen with at least 30 SPF. Limit your sun exposure by wearing hats with a brim and loose clothing that covers your limbs.
If you are smoking, quitting can help prevent further skin damage.
Drink water and moisturize your skin each day. Glorious Glow has wonderful moisturising and astringent properties.

Can I stop or reverse early aging?
Experiences come with age, and there are times when our skin or our body will reflect that. Early education to your family is so important.
When it comes to slowing the signs, you don’t like, it’s all about prevention and giving your cells a boost through products or lifestyle changes.
In some cases, taking care of your skin can allow for a healing process that restores some of your skin’s appearance and restores a bit of its structure.

How to prevent further aging: Many factors affect how visible your signs of aging will be. Some you can control, and some you cannot.

*Use sunscreen: Wearing sunscreen with at least SPF 30 each day may be the biggest thing you can do to prevent signs of premature aging.
*Sun exposure: Next time you’re at the beach, look at the many older adults who are tan yet have wrinkly skin. Chances are years of sun exposure have sped up this process. Constant exposure to UV light breaks down collagen and elastin, causing the skin to wrinkle, sag and stretch. It can also cause dark spots by increasing melanin production.
Always remember to wear sunscreen when performing outdoor activities. A hat and long sleeve shirt can also provide protection when at the pool, beach, or lake.
If you’re intent on using UV light as a means of tanning, either from the sun or a tanning bed, use self-tanner lotion or spray instead.
*Sunglasses protect the eyes from UV rays, which can harm the eyelid, cornea, lens, and retina as UV rays can damage the delicate skin around the eyes, too.
*Pay attention to more than just your face: Don’t limit your moisturizing and skin-protecting regimen to just your face. Make sure to use sunscreen with at least 30 SPF and lotion on the rest of your body, too.
*Protect from UV rays: Protecting your face from UV rays is one of the simplest things you can do. For starters, limit the amount of time you spend in the direct sun during the day when the sun is strongest. Wear a hat and sunscreen to shade your forehead, nose, and eyes. Remember to reapply sunscreen frequently, especially if there is excess perspiration. For women, consider using skincare products that have built-in SPF protection.

*Make sure you remove all makeup before bed: Your face-washing habits can influence the way your skin appears. Cleanse your skin gently. Scrubbing your skin clean can irritate your skin. Irritating your skin accelerates skin aging. Gentle washing helps to remove pollution, makeup, and other substances without irritating your skin.
Wash your face twice a day using warm water and a mild cleanser. Make sure your face is free of foundation and other residue before you go to bed. Wash your face twice a day and after sweating heavily. Perspiration, especially when wearing a hat or helmet, irritates the skin, so you want to wash your skin as soon as possible after sweating

*Stick to a sleep schedule: Not Getting Enough Sleep Disrupts Skin Renewal Sleep is essential for energy, concentration — and complexion. At night, your skin goes into a renewal state. Sleep is essential to all your body’s organs, including your skin.
*Following a sleep schedule will give your skin time to refresh and renew itself daily.

Tips to sleep:
*Go to sleep and wake up at the same time every day so your body gets on a schedule.
*Make your bedroom dark, cool, and quiet.
*Finish eating two to three hours before bed.

*Eat a balanced diet: A balanced diet ensures that you get all the nutrition your body needs to produce healthy skin cells.
Unhealthy eating habits
Eating fast food and sugary foods can impact more than just your waistline. People who are obese or have a higher body mass index experience more oxidative stress and inflammation than healthy adults. This stress and inflammation can increase the rate at which telomeres shorten.
To help prevent premature aging, eat a balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins. There are even stress-fighting foods that may help you. Stay away from refined carbohydrates and saturated fats that can lead to weight gain. It’s also helpful to incorporate activity into your routine. Exercise can help improve circulation, which is beneficial for the skin.

*Stay hydrated: Dehydration can make wrinkles show up faster. Drink 8 cups of water per day to hydrate your body. Drink water. Water is the essence of wetness, and water is also the foundation of good skin. Higher water intake was shown to positively impact the efficiency and quality of skin, especially in individuals with lower daily water intake.
*Choice of soap: is especially important if your skin is on the sensitive side.
Look for the words “gentle” and “moisturizing” on the label. Be sure to also avoid using deodorant soap or products that contain potentially skin-dehydrating ingredients. Follow up your face washing with a moisturizer that contains antioxidants, such as vitamin C.
*Facial Moisturizer: Apply a facial moisturizer each morning or before bed to keep your skin hydrated. The oils in moisturizer lock in moisture and prevent water from escaping. Dry skin can make wrinkles appear worse. Apply a facial moisturizer every day. Moisturizer traps water in our skin, giving it a more youthful appearance.
Stop using skin care products that sting or burn. When your skin burns or stings, it means your skin is irritated. Irritating your skin can make it look older.

*Exfoliate: Exfoliating is a simple solution to the signs of premature aging, as it can remove dull and dead skin cells and help your body to reduce fine lines by exposing newer cells at the surface.
*Get active: Daily exercise boosts your circulation, which keeps skin healthier. This might help your skin look younger. Exercise most days of the week. Findings from a few studies suggest that moderate exercise can improve circulation and boost the immune system. This, in turn, may give the skin a more-youthful appearance.

*Stop smoking: If you stop exposing your skin to the toxins in cigarette smoke, you’ll give your skin time to repair itself. Smoking is mainly viewed as a health risk to your lungs, heart, and brain, but it can also accelerate premature aging. Just as smoking can impact blood flow to your heart or brain, it also can harm blood vessels responsible for carrying oxygen to the skin. Without enough oxygen, your skin is more prone to wrinkling and sagging. Smoke can even damage hair follicles, causing hair to thin or fall out.
*Alcohol: Excessive alcohol use can shorten telomere length, thus leading to premature aging. The key word here is excessive. You can still consume alcohol, just be mindful of your intake. Alcohol also dehydrates your skin and can affect skin oils, both of which you need to keep the skin moist and lubricated.

*Be aware of facial expressions: You probably don’t think twice about the facial expressions you make, primarily because a healthy face is flexible enough to handle constant muscle contractions that cause grooves to form. These grooves often go unnoticed because the skin can contract back. But eventually, repetitive movements create an elasticity issue and become permanent wrinkles. Squinting is a prime example of repetitive facial expressions. Wearing sunglasses outside can help decrease the need to squint. Avoid repetitive facial expressions. When you make a facial expression, you contract the underlying muscles. If you repeatedly contract the same muscles for many years, these lines become permanent. Wearing sunglasses can help reduce lines caused by squinting.
Repetitive movements like squinting, laughing, and frowning etch lines and wrinkles into your face over the long term, while it explains that the more you activate your muscles in a facial expression, the more you’ll start to see creases when your face is at rest.

*Persistently Rubbing Your Eyes Can Cause Dark Circles and Fine Lines: Under-eye bags are part of the natural aging process and occur when muscles around the eyes weaken. But continuous eye rubbing can create an issue by increasing inflammation in the area and constantly rubbing your eyes can affect the lines around your eyes. We often see this become a problem for patients with eczema, who may excessively rub their eyes because of itchiness and irritation.

*Practice stress management: Find a stress relief technique that works for you and make it a habit. Nature walks, music and meditation are all proven healthy coping mechanisms. Aging is inevitable. We all wish we could look youthful and feel healthy forever, but the reality is your appearance and your body change over time. For some, these changes occur faster than others, known as premature aging.
There’s a reason the phrase, “you look stressed” exists. Chronic stress can limit your body’s supply of telomerase, which alters its ability to replenish the lost telomere involved in cell division. More specifically, cortisol, a hormone that allows your immune system to deal with stress, suppresses telomerase activation in immune system cells. Premature aging occurs as a result, leading to wrinkles, dry skin, and other changes.
Stress Releases Cortisol, Causing Collagen Breakdown. If you’re chronically worried or losing sleep over stress, your body is pumping out stress hormones nonstop, which can cause premature aging. Cortisol, the major stress hormone, breaks down collagen, which leads to sagging skin and wrinkles and causes inflammation. Chronic stress can speed up the aging process because of that increased inflammation.